Black Vernacular English - African-American Vernacular English
Baratz, J., and R. Shuy, eds.
Teaching Black Children to Read
Baugh, J. "A Reexamination of the Black English Copula."
Locating Language in Time and Space
. Ed. W. Labov. New York: Academic Press, 1980.
Black Street Speech: Its History, Structure, and Survival
. Austin: U of Texas Press, 1983.
English in Black and White
. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, n.d.
Chambers, John W., Jr.
Black English: Educational Equity and the Law
. Ann Arbor, MI: Karoma Publishers, 1983.
Grant, Steven A. "Language Policy in the United States."
. New York: Modern Language Association, n.d.
Dillard, J. L.
Black English: Its History and Usage in the United States
. New York: Random House, 1972.
Farrell, T.J. "Differentiating Writing from Talking."
College Composition and Communication
29 (1978): 346-50.
Fasold, R., and R. Shuy, eds.
Teaching Standard English in the Inner City
Fasold, R. "The Relation between Black and White Speech in the South."
56 (1971): 163-89.
White Talk, Black Talk
. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1986.
Hoffman, Melvin. "Bidialectalism Is Not the Language of White Supremacy."
The English Record
21 (April 1971): 95-102.
Language in the Inner City: Studies in the Black English Vernacular
. Philadelphia: U of Pennsylvania P, 1972.
---. "Stages in the Acquisition of Standard English."
Social Dialects and Language Learning
. Ed. Roger Shuy. Champaign, IL: NCTE, 1964.
McDavid, R., Jr. and L. Davis. "The Dialects of Negro Americans."
Studies in Linguistics in Honor of George L. Trager
. Ed. M. E. Smith. The Hague: Mouton, 1972.
O'Neil, Wayne. "The Politics of Bidialectalism."
33 (1972): 433-438.
Pixton, William. "A Contemporary Dilemma: The Question of Standard English."
College Communication and Composition
5 (1974): 247-253.
Rickford, John R., Guy Bailey, and John Baugh.
African American English
. London and New York: Routledge, 1998.
Sledd, James. "Bi-Dialectalism: The Linguistics of White Supremacy."
58 (1969): 1307-15.
Discourse and Discrimination
. Wayne State University Press, 1988.
Talkin and Testifyin: The Language of Black America
. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1977.
Stoller, Paul, ed.
Black English: Its Background and Its Usage in the Schools and in Literature
. New York: Dell, 1975.
Sociolinguistics: An Introduction
. Harmondsworth, Middlesex: Penguin, 1974.
Wolfram, Walt. "The Relationship of White Southern Speech to Vernacular Black English."
50 (1974): 498-527.
Wolfram, W. and N. Clarke, eds.
Black-White Speech Relationships
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This page was last revised on March 30, 1999.