English as an International Language

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  • Bhatia, Tej K., and William Ritchie, eds. Code-mixing: English Across Languages. World Englishes (special issue) 8.3 (1989).

  • Cheshire, Jenny, ed. English around the World: Sociolinguistic Perspective. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1991.

  • Coggle, Paul. Do You Speak Estuary?. London: Bloomsbury, 1993.

  • Crystal, David. English as a Global Language. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge UP, 1997.

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  • Damovar, L. A., and R. E. Porter. Intercultural Communication: A Reader. 4th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, 1985.

  • English in Its Social Contexts: Essays in Historical Linguistics. Ed. Tim W. Machan and Charles T. Scott. New York and Oxford: Oxford UP, 1992.

  • Ferguson, C., and S. B. Heath, eds. Language in the USA. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, n.d.

  • Graddol, David, Dick Leith, and Joan Swan. English, History, Diversity and Change. New York and London: Routledge, 1996.

  • Haugen, E. Language Conflict and Language Planning: The Case of Modern Norwegian.

  • Kachru, Braj B., ed. The Other Tongue: English Across Cultures. Chicago: Illinois UP, 1987.

  • ---. "The Second Diaspora." English in Its Social Contexts: Essays in Historical Linguistics. Ed. Tim W. Machan and Charles T. Scott. New York and Oxford: Oxford UP, 1992. 230-52.

  • Machan, Tim W., and Charles T. Scott, eds. English in Its Social Contexts: Essays in Historical Linguistics. New York and Oxford: Oxford UP, 1992.

  • McArthur, Tom. The English Languages. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1998.

  • Muhlhausler, P. Pidgin and Creole Linguistics. London: Basil Blackwell, 1986.

  • Quirk, Randolf. "Language Varieties and Standard Language." English Today 21 (1990): 3-10.

  • ---. "The Question of Standards in the International Use of English." Language Spread and Language Policy: Issues, Implications, and Case Studies. Ed. Peter Loweberg. Washington DC: Georgetown UP, 1988.

  • Quirk, Randolf, and H. G. Widdowson, eds. English in the World: Teaching and Learning the Language and Literatures. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1985.

  • Thomason, S. G., and T. Kaufman. Language Contact, Creolization, and Genetic Linguistics. Berkeley: U of California P, 1988.

  • Trudgill, Peter. Language in the British Isles. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, n.d.
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