Spanish, English, Bilingualism

  • Acosta-Belen, Edna. "'Spanglish': A Case of Languages in Contact." Readings in Applied English Linguistics. 3rd ed. Ed. Harold B. Allen and Michael D. Linn. New York: Knopf, 1982. 458-63.

  • Cummins, Jim. "Empowering Minority Students: A Framework for Intervention." Harvard Educational Review 56 (1986): 18-36.

  • Davis, A. L. "English Problems of Spanish Speakers." Culture, Class, and Language Variety. Ed. A. L. Davis. Urbana, IL: National Council of Teachers of English, 1972.

  • Elias-Olivares, Lucia, et al, eds. Spanish Language Use and Public Life in the United States. Berlin: Mouton, 1985.

  • Form and Function in Chicano English. Ed. Jacob Ornstein-Galicia. Rowley, MA: Newbury House, 1984.

  • Garcia, Ricardo. "A Linguistic Frame of Reference for Critiquing Chicano Compositions." Readings in Applied English Linguistics. 3rd ed. Ed. Harold B. Allen and Michael D. Linn. New York: Knopf, 1982. 444-48.

  • Gonzalez, Gustavo. "Chicano English." Chicano Speech in the Bilingual Classroom. Ed. Dennis J. Bixler-Martinez and Jacob Ornstein-Galicia. Foreign Languale Instruction 4. New York: Peter Lang, 1988. 71-81.

  • ---. "The Range of Chicano English." Form and Function in Chicano English. Ed. Jacob Ornstein-Galicia. Rowley, MA: Newbury House, 1984. 21-41.

  • Herrera, Albert. "The Mexican American in Two Cultures." The Chicanos: Mexican American Voices. Ed. Ed Ludwigh and James Sanibanez. New York: Penguin, 1971.

  • Herrick, Earl M. "Interference from Spanish Phonology in the Writing of English." Form and Function in Chicano English. Ed. Jacob Ornstein-Galicia. Rowley, MA: Newbury House, 1984. 60-70.

  • Labov, William, Paul Cohen, Clarence Robbins, and John Lewis. A Study of Nonstandard English of Negro and Puerto Rican Speakers in New York City. Final Report. Cooperative Research Project no, 3288, vol. 1. Washington, DC: Office of Education.

  • Ludwig, Ed, and James Sabibanez, eds. The Chicanos: Mexican American Voices. New York: Penguin, 1971.

  • Metcalf, Alan A. "Chicano English." Language and Education Theory and Practice, 2. Washington, D.C.: Center for Applied Linguistics, 1979.

  • Penfield, Joyce. "The Vernacular Base of Literacy in Chicano English." Form and Function in Chicano English. Ed. Jacob Ornstein-Galicia. Rowley, MA: Newbury House, 1984. 71-84.

  • Penfield, Joyce, and Jacob Ornstein-Galicia. Chicano English: An Ethnic Contact Dialect. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 1985.

  • Sanchez, Rosaura. Chicano Discourse: Sociohistorical Perspectives. Rowley, MA: Newbury House, 1983.

  • Valencia, Richard R., ed. Chicano School Failure and Success: Research and Policy Agendas for the 1990s. New York: The Palmer Press, 1991.

  • Wald, Benji. "The Status of Chicano English as a Dialect of American English." Form and Function in Chicano English. Ed. Jacob Ornstein-Galicia. Rowley, MA: Newbury House, 1984. 14-31.

  • Wolfram, Walt. Sociolinguistic Aspects of Assimilation: Puerto Rican English in New York City. Washington, D.C.: Center for Applied Linguitics, 1974.
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