Research Guide: Habit of Writing

| Citing Sources | Reference Books | CONSULS Catalog | Online Databases | Finding Periodicals | Interlibrary Loan | Questions? |

Citing Sources to Avoid Plagiarism

Plagiarism is a form of cheating which may lower the grade you receive on your writing assignment. You must cite the source of any direct quotation and any facts or ideas you obtained from a source other than yourself. For more information about how to avoid plagiarism, please see this brief video from Bainbridge College in YouTube: Plagiarism: How to Avoid It (

For tips on citation format, please see the MLA Formatting and Style Guide courtesy of the OWL: Purdue Online Writing Lab (

Reference Books for Background Information

Reference books are shelved by Library of Congress call number in the book stacks on the fourth and fifth floors of the Ruth Haas Library. To learn about LC call numbers, please watch the brief video Reading a Call Number in YouTube (courtesy of the Douglas College Library). Reference books may not be checked out, but free scanners are available for student use on the first floor of the Haas Library (please use your flash drive).

CREDO ReferenceUnder Databases A-Z
Occupational Outlook HandbookOnline from Bureau of Labor Statistics
Encyclopedia of Careers and Vocational Guidance. 5 volumesYoung Lib HF 5381.E52 2011
Career Information Center. 16 volumes.Young Lib HF 5382.U5.C32 2014
The Career Guide: D&B Employment Opportunities Directory. Annual.Young Lib Ref HF 5382.5.U5.D86
College Majors HandbookOnline E-Book

CONSULS Online Catalog for Books and Media

CONSULS catalog workstations are located in the Reference Area on the first floor, and on each of the other floors of the Haas Library. You may logon to CONSULS via the WCSU Libraries Homepage at or directly at For more detailed instructions on searching, please see the yellow CONSULS flyer on the display rack on the first floor.

Please Note: CONSULS ignores upper and lower case, and you may omit punctuation, except the hyphen which must be replaced by a space.


Select Keyword(s) at the CONSULS Main Menu, then type the words which best describe your topic, in any order.

Example: college and (education or degree or experience) and (value or benefit*) (press ENTER)
Narrower: college and (education or degree or experience) and (career* or employment) (ENTER)
Broader: higher education and (value or benefit* or advantage* or purpose) (ENTER)

Use the * (asterisk) as a truncation symbol to retrieve variant forms of a word root. Use the Boolean OR to expand your search by including synonyms and related terms. When using two different Boolean commands in the same search statement ("and" and "or" in the preceding examples) you must include parentheses to indicate which command is to be performed first.


Select Subject at the CONSULS Main Menu, then type the Library of Congress subject heading which best describes your topic. Correct spelling and word order are important. The complete list of Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH) is published in a set of big red books available in the Reference Area on the first floor of the Haas Library.

Example: Vocational guidance--United States--Handbooks, manuals, etc. (press ENTER)
Example: vocational guidance united states (ENTER)


Select Title at the CONSULS Main Menu, then type as much of the title as you remember in correct word order. In CONSULS, you may omit "a," "an," or "the" at the beginning of a title.

Example: Practice for Life: Making Decisions in College (press ENTER)
Or just: practice for life mak (ENTER)


Select Author at the CONSULS Main Menu, then type the writer's name last-name-first. Correct spelling is important.

Example: gardner john n (press ENTER)
Or just: gardner john (ENTER)

To limit search results to items owned by WCSU, click on Limit/Sort and then select WCSU under "WHERE Item is Located."


If the item you need is owned by one of the other CSU Libraries (CCSU, SCSU, or ECSU) but not by WCSU, or if the copy at WCSU is checked out, you may request the item electronically via INTER-CAMPUS LOAN by clicking the Request option at the full record display in CONSULS. Then select "WCSU" and type your University network username and password. Be sure to specify a pickup location (Haas or Young Library) before initiating your request. If you need assistance with Inter-Campus Loan, please contact the Circulation Desk at (203) 837-9100.

There is a limit of ten (10) Inter-Campus Loan requests per person. Videos are available via Inter-Campus Loan. Please allow 3-4 working days for delivery to the Haas Circulation Desk. Items borrowed via Inter-Campus Loan may be renewed for an additional borrowing period if no one has placed a HOLD on the item.

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Online Databases for Finding Periodical Articles

To learn how to distinguish scholarly (peer-reviewed) journals from magazines, please see the brief YouTube tutorial Popular Magazines vs Scholarly Journals, courtesy of the library at the University of Detroit-Mercy.

CREDO Reference
Coverage: A database of dictionaries, encyclopedias, and other reference works in full-text. Includes media (images, audiofiles, video).
Location: Under Databases by Subject: Reference on the WCSU Libraries Homepage.
Scope: Essays published in reference books, quotations, images, audio files, and videos on a wide range of topics.
CQ Researcher
Coverage: 1923 to present
Location: Under Databases: A-Z on the WCSU Libraries Homepage.
Scope: In-depth coverage of the most important issues of the day in 52 weekly issues per year. Each article includes an overview, historical background, chronology, pro/con feature, plus resources for additional research.
Academic Search Premier from EBSCO
Coverage: 1990 to present (earlier for many publications)
Location: Under Databases: Most Popular at the WCSU Libraries Homepage.
Scope: Indexes approximately 8,000 newspapers, magazines, and scholarly journals in most fields, with over 4,500 available in full-text.
Coverage: Issue number one to within 5-6 years of present
Location: Under Databases: Most Popular on the WCSU Libraries Homepage.
Scope: Full-text of over 500 core scholarly journals in more than 25 disciplines (complete backfiles). Most journals are embargoed for up to 5-6 years. Also includes books.
Education Research Complete from EBSCO
Coverage: Full-text coverage varies (as early as 1980s for some journals).
Location: Under Databases: A-Z on the WCSU Libraries Homepage.
Scope: Full-text of over 1400 scholarly articles in education and related fields.
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Finding Periodicals in the Haas Library

To find out if WCSU subscribes to a specific periodical in print or online:

1. Select Journal Title under "Other Searches" at the CONSULS main menu, then type the name of the periodical (example: journal of higher education) and press ENTER. If a title list appears on the screen, select the desired title, then look inside the box to find WCSU holdings. Be sure to scroll to the bottom of the page to see if WCSU owns backfiles on microfilm or microfiche.

2. To find out if a given periodical is available in full-text in one or more of WCSU's online databases, use the Journal Finder available under Articles & Databases on the WCSU Libraries Homepage (

How to Use Interlibrary Loan

If the CSU Libraries do not own the book you need, or if WCSU does not subscribe to the periodical you need, you may request delivery of the item via Interlibrary Loan using the online ILLiad system available at:

There is a limit of 5 Interlibrary Loan requests per person per day. Videos are not available via Interlibrary Loan. Under most circumstances, Interlibrary Loan is a free service, but please allow at least ten working days for delivery. You will be notified as soon as the material arrives. Faster document delivery service is available for a reasonable fee. Please see the librarian at the Reference Desk or call the Interlibrary Loan Desk at (203) 837-9114 for more information.

Do You Have a Question?

Research assistance is available at the Circulation Desk on the first floor of the Haas Library, or you may contact Joan Reitz, Instruction Librarian, at 837-8308 or My office is located in Room 402 on the fourth floor of the Haas Library (near the glass elevator).

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Please send your comments to Joan Reitz, Haas Instruction Librarian, Western Connecticut State University
Last updated on October 2, 2016