Research Guide: Music Appreciation


| Citing Sources | Reference Books | CONSULS Catalog | Online Databases | Locating Periodicals | Interlibrary Loan | Questions? |


Citing Sources to Avoid Plagiarism

Plagiarism is a form of cheating which may lower the grade you receive on your assignment. You must cite the source of any direct quotation and of any facts or ideas you obtained from another source. For more information about how to avoid plagiarism, please watch this brief video from Bainbridge College in YouTube: Plagiarism: How to Avoid It (www.youtube.com/watch?v=2q0NlWcTq1Y).

For tips on citation format, please see the MLA Formatting and Style Guide courtesy of the OWL: Purdue Online Writing Lab (owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/747/01).


Reference Books for Background Information

Reference books are shelved by Library of Congress call number in the stacks on the fourth and fifth floors of the Haas Library. To learn about LC call numbers, please watch the brief video Reading a Call Number in YouTube (courtesy of the Douglas College Library). Reference books cannot be checked out, but free scanners are available for student use on the first loor of the Library (please use your flash drive).

General Reference Works

*Oxford Music Online formerly Grove Music OnlineSee Articles & Databases: A-Z on WCSU Libraries Homepage
*The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians. Second edition.
29 volumes.
Ref ML 100.N48 2001
Baker's Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. Centennial edition. Six volumes.Ref ML 105.B16 2001
The Harvard Dictionary of Music. 4th edition.Ref ML 100.A64 2003
Musical Instruments of the WorldRef ML 102.I5.D5 1976
The New Grove Dictionary of American Music. 4 volumes.Ref ML 101.U6.N48 1986
The New Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments. 3 volumes.Ref ML 102.I5.N48 1984
The New Grove Dictionary of Opera. 4 volumes.Ref ML 102.O6.N5 1992
The Grove Book of Operas. Second edition.Ref ML 102.O6.N48 2006
*The Oxford Companion to MusicRef ML 100.S37 2002
*The Oxford Dictionary of MusicRef ML 100.K35 1994
The Oxford History of Western Music. 6 volumes.Ref ML 160.T18 2005
Women and Music in America Since 1900. 2 volumes.Ref ML 82.W625 2002

Classical Music

Beethoven and His World: A Biographical DictionaryRef ML 410.B4.C62 2001
The Cambridge Mozart EncyclopediaRef ML 410.M9.C257 2006
Companion to Baroque MusicRef ML 193.C56 1991
Contemporary ComposersRef ML 105.C75 1992
Dictionary of American Classical Composers. Second edition.Ref ML 106.U3.B87 2004
Haydn (Oxford Composer Companions)Ref ML 410.H4.H3177 2002
International Dictionary of Black Composers. 2 volumes.Ref ML 105.I5 1999
International Encyclopedia of Women Composers. 2 volumes.Ref ML 105.C7 1987
Latin American Classical Composers: A Biographical Dictionary. Second edition.Ref ML 105.F53 2002
Notable Twentieth-Century Pianists: A Bio-Critical Sourcebook. 2 volumes.Ref ML 397.G45 1995
Women Composers: Music Through the Ages. 7 volumes.Ref M 2.W88 1996

Jazz & Popular Music

African American Music ReferenceSee Articles & Databases: A-Z on WCSU Libraries Homepage
Baker's Biographical Dictionary of Popular Musicians Since 1990. 2 volumes.Ref ML 102.P66.B35 2004
The Encyclopedia of Popular Music. Third edition. 8 volumes.Ref ML 102.P66.G84 1998
Encyclopedia of the Blues (Komara). 2 volumes.Ref ML 102.B6.E53 2006
Encyclopedia of the Musical Theatre. 2 volumes.Ref ML 102.M88.G3 1994
The Greenwood Encyclopedia of Rock History. 6 volumes.Ref ML 3534.G754 2006
*The New Grove Dictionary of Jazz. Second edition. 3 volumes.Ref ML 102.J3.N48 2002
The Oxford Companion to JazzRef ML 3507.O94 2000

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CONSULS Online Catalog for Books and Media

CONSULS catalog workstations are concentrated on the first floor of the Haas Library, but there are some workstations on each of the other floors of the library. You may logon to CONSULS via the WCSU Libraries Homepage at library.wcsu.edu or directly at www.consuls.org. For more detailed instructions on searching, please see the yellow CONSULS flyer on the display rack on the first floor.

Please Note: CONSULS ignores upper and lower case, and you may omit punctuation, except the hyphen which must be replaced by a space.

TO FIND WORKS WRITTEN ABOUT A SPECIFIC COMPOSER OR PERFORMER:

Select Subject at the CONSULS main menu, then type the writer's name last-name-first. Correct spelling is important. To limit results to items owned by WCSU, click Limit/Sort and then select WCSU under "Where Item Is Located."

Example: mozart wolfgang amadeus (press ENTER or RETURN)
Or just: mozart w (ENTER)

CONSULS will retrieve a list of Library of Congress Subject Headings which begin with the words you typed:

Mozart Wolfgang Amadeus 1756 1791 (main heading is subdivided)
Mozart Wolfgang Amadeus 1756 1791--Chamber music
Mozart Wolfgang Amadeus 1756 1791--Criticism and interpretation
Mozart Wolfgang Amadeus 1756 1791--Discography
Mozart Wolfgang Amadeus 1756 1791--Opera
Mozart Wolfgang Amadeus 1756 1791--Symphonies

PLEASE NOTE: Personal name headings may also be subdivided by the titles of individual works, for example:

Mozart Wolfgang Amadeus 1756 1791--Don Giovanni

To find DVDs about the composer or musician, type the person's name last-name-first as SUBJECT. At the resulting headings display, click Limit/Sort and then select DVD under "Material Type."

TO FIND WORKS BY A SPECIFIC WRITER, COMPOSER, OR PERFORMER:

Select Author at the CONSULS main menu, then type the writer's name last-name-first. Correct spelling is important.

Example: beethoven ludwig (press ENTER)
Or just: beethoven l (ENTER)

To limit search results to items owned by WCSU, click on Limit/Sort and then select WCSU under "Where Item Is Located." To limit results to music scores, select Printed Music under "Material Type." To limit search results to recorded music (CDs and LPs), select Sound Record under "Material Type."

To locate a specific work by a known composer, it is often easier to use a Keywords search on the name and the opus number.

Example: beethoven and op 135 (press ENTER)

TO FIND WORKS WITH A SPECIFIC TITLE:

Select Title at the CONSULS main menu, then type as much of the title as you remember in correct word order. In CONSULS, you may omit "a," "an," or "the" at the beginning of a title.

Example: Louis Armstrong: An American Genius (press ENTER)
Or just: louis armstrong an amer (ENTER)

Musical compositions are often known by more than one title, for example, Beethoven's "Eroica" Symphony. In library catalogs, works with multiple titles are cataloged under a single uniform title, in this case Symphonies. no. 3, op. 55, Eb major under the composer's name (Beethoven, Ludwig van, 1770-1827).

To find individual tracks on sound recordings, try a KEYWORDS search on words from the track title (example: my funny valentine).

TO FIND INFORMATION ABOUT A SPECIFIC TOPIC BY SUBJECT HEADING:

Select Subject at the CONSULS main menu, then type the Library of Congress subject heading that best describes your topic. Correct spelling and word order are important. The complete list of Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH) is published in a set of big red books available in the Reference Area on the first floor.

Example: Madrigals--History and criticism (press ENTER)
Or just: madrigals (ENTER)

Example: Jazz musicians--Biography (press ENTER)
Or just: jazz musicians (ENTER)

TO FIND INFORMATION ABOUT A SPECIFIC TOPIC BY KEYWORD(S):

Select Keyword(s) at the CONSULS main menu, then type the words which best describe your topic, in any order.

Example: (jazz or blues) and history press ENTER
Narrower: (jazz or blues) and new orleans and histor* press ENTER

Example: trumpet and (concerto* or concerti) press ENTER
Narrower: trumpet and haydn and (concerto* or concerti) press ENTER

Example: bach and (fugue* or counterpoint) press ENTER
Broader: baroque and (fugue* or counterpoint) press ENTER

Use the * (asterisk) as a truncation symbol to retrieve variant forms of a word root. Use the Boolean OR to expand your search by including synonyms and related terms. When using two different Boolean commands in the same search statement ("and" and "or" in the preceding examples) you must include parentheses to indicate which command is to be performed first.

TO REQUEST MATERIALS FROM THE OTHER CSU LIBRARIES:

If the item you need is owned by one of the other CSU Libraries (CCSU, SCSU, or ECSU) but not by WCSU, or if WCSU's copy is checked out, you may order the item electronically via Inter-Campus Loan by clicking on Request at the full record display in CONSULS. Then type your University network username and password. Be sure to specify a pickup location (Haas or Young Library). If you need assistance, please contact the Haas Circulation Desk at (203) 837-9100.

There is a limit of ten (10) Inter-Campus Loan requests per person. DVDs and CDs are available via Inter-Campus Loan. Please allow 4-5 days for delivery to the Haas Circulation Desk. Items borrowed via Inter-Campus Loan may be renewed for an additional borrowing period if no one has placed a HOLD on the item.

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Online Databases for Finding Periodical Articles & Music Audiofiles

Oxford Music Online (formerly Grove Music Online)
Coverage: Contents of the print editions of The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, The New Grove Dictionary of Jazz, The New Grove Dictionary of Opera, The Oxford Companion to Music, and The Oxford Dictionary of Music.
Location: Under Articles & Databases: A-Z at the WCSU Libraries Homepage.
Scope: Full-text scholarly entries on music by period, form, and genre; on composers and performers; and on musical instruments. Some entries include musical examples and bibliographies. Browsable and keywords searchable
Classical Music Library (CML)
Coverage: Streaming audiofiles of over 90,000 tracks on over 60 different labels. CD quality sound. Files are not downloadable.
Location: Under Articles & Databases: A-Z at the WCSU Libraries Homepage.
Scope: Classical music only. Searchable by keywords and browsable by composer, artist, conductor, ensemble, instrument, genre and subgenre, period, and recording date (year). Users can register to create playlists.
Naxos Music Library (NML)
Coverage: Streaming audiofiles of over 165,000 tracks on the Naxos and other labels. CD quality sound. File are not downloadable.
Location: Under Articles & Databases: A-Z at the WCSU Libraries Homepage.
Scope: Classical, world, and folk music. Browsable by title and searchable by keywords. Faculty playlists only.
Naxos Music Library - Jazz
Coverage: Streaming audiofiles of over 20,000 tracks. CD quality sound. Files are not downloadable.
Location: Under Articles & Databases: A-Z on the WCSU Libraries Homepage.
Scope: Jazz music released on CD by Naxos and other labels. Browsable by title and searchable by keywords.
Academic Search Premier from EBSCOhost
Coverage: 1990 - present (earlier for many publications).
Location: Under Articles & Databases: Most Popular at the WCSU Libraries Homepage.
Scope: Indexes approximately 8,000 newspapers, magazines, and scholarly journals in most fields (including music), with 4,000 available in full-text.
JSTOR
Coverage: Issue number one to within 2-5 years of present (archival coverage).
Location: Under Articles & Databases: Most Popular on the WCSU Libraries Homepage.
Scope: Full-text of over 500 core scholarly journals in more than 25 disciplines, including music (complete backfiles).

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Locating Periodicals in the Haas Library

The Haas Library subscribes to many print magazines and journals in music. Additional music periodicals are available in online full-text in journal databases. To find out if WCSU subscribes to a specific periodical in print or online:

1. Select Journal Title at the CONSULS main menu, then type the name of the periodical (example: down beat) and press RETURN. If a title list appears on the screen, select the desired title, then look inside the box to find WCSU holdings. Scroll to the bottom of the page to see if WCSU owns backfiles on microfilm or microfiche.

2. To find out if a given periodical is available in full-text in one or more of WCSU's online databases, use the Journal Finder available under Articles & Databases on the WCSU Libraries Homepage (library.wcsu.edu).


How to Use Interlibrary Loan

If the CSU Libraries do not own the book or periodical you need, you may request delivery of the item via Interlibrary Loan using the online ILLiad system available at: libguides.wcsu.edu/ill.

There is a limit of 5 Interlibrary Loan requests per person per day. Videos are not available via Interlibrary Loan. Under most circumstances, Interlibrary Loan is a free service, but please allow at least ten working days for delivery. You will be notified as soon as the material arrives. Faster document delivery service is available for a reasonable fee. Please call the Interlibrary Loan Desk at (203) 837-9114 for more information.


Have a Question?

Reference service is available on request at the Circulation Desk on the first floor of the Haas Library, or you may contact Joan Reitz, Instruction Librarian, at 837-8308 or reitzj@wcsu.edu. My office is located in Room 402 on the fourth floor of the Haas Library (near the glass elevator).

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MUS 100 Visuals

Please send your comments to Joan Reitz, Haas Instruction Librarian, Western Connecticut State University.
reitzj@wcsu.edu
Last updated on January 25, 2016.