Research Guide: Public Speaking


| Citing Sources | Web Resources | Reference Books | CONSULS Catalog | Databases & Indexes | Locating Periodicals | Interlibrary Loan | Questions? |


Citing Sources

Plagiarism is a form of cheating which may lower the grade you receive on your assignment. You must cite the source of any direct quotation and any facts or ideas you obtained from another source. For more information about how to avoid plagiarism, please watch this brief video from Bainbridge College in YouTube: Plagiarism: How to Avoid It (www.youtube.com/watch?v=2q0NlWcTq1Y).

For tips on citation format, please see the APA Formatting and Style Guide courtesy of OWL: Purdue Online Writing Lab (owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01).


Web Resources

  • Vital Speeches of the Day (www.votd.com)
  • American Leaders Speak: Recordings from World War I and the 1920 Election American Memory Project, Library of Congress (memory.loc.gov/ammem/nfhtml/nfhome.html)
  • The American Presidency Project UC Santa Barbara (www.presidency.ucsb.edu/index_docs.php)
  • American President Speech Archive Miller Center, University of Virginia (millercenter.org/president/speeches)
  • American Rhetoric: Online Speech Bank by Michael E. Eidenmuller (www.americanrhetoric.com/speechbank.htm)
  • Gifts of Speech: Women's Speeches from Around the World (gos.sbc.edu)
  • Great Speeches Collection The History Place (www.historyplace.com/speeches/previous.htm)
  • The History of Televised Presidential Debates Museum of Broadcast Communications (www.museum.tv/debateweb/html/index.htm)
  • Inaugural Addresses of the Presidents of the United States courtesy of Bartleby.com (www.bartleby.com/124)
  • MLK Online speeches of Martin Luther King, Jr. (www.mlkonline.net)
  • Nazi Propaganda by Joseph Goebbels, 1933-1945 German Propaganda Archive (www.calvin.edu/academic/cas/gpa/goebmain.htm)
  • Speeches The History Channel (www.historychannel.com/speeches)
  • Speeches and Remarks of the President and First Lady Whithouse.gov (www.whitehouse.gov/briefing-room/speeches-and-remarks)
  • Speeches of Abraham Lincoln (www.abrahamlincolnonline.org/lincoln/speeches/speech.htm)
  • The Top 100 Speeches of the 20th Century courtesy of American Rhetoric (www.americanrhetoric.com/top100speechesall.html)
  • Truman Speeches: Audio Collection Truman Presidential Museum & Library (www.trumanlibrary.org/audio/audio.htm)

  • Reference Books for Background Information

    Reference books are shelved by Library of Congress call number in the reference stacks on the first floor of the Ruth Haas Library. To learn about LC call numbers, please watch the brief video Reading a Call Number in YouTube (courtesy of the Douglas College Library). Reference books not be checked out, but photocopiers are available for student use on the first and third floors of the Haas Library.

    CREDO ReferenceUnder Databases A-Z
    American Quotations: A Kaleidoscopic View of American HistoryRef E 173.A525 2002
    American Voices: An Encyclopedia of Contemporary American OratorsRef PS 408.A47 2005
    Anthology of Public Speeches (Platz)Circ PN 6122.P5
    Encyclopedia of Leadership. 4 volumes.Ref Hd 57.7.E53 2004
    Encyclopedia of Presidential Campaigns, Slogans, Issues, and PlatformsRef E 176.1.R6 2004
    Encyclopedia of RhetoricRef PN 172.E52 2001
    Historic Documents on Presidential Elections, 1787-1988Ref JK 1965.H56 1991
    Lend Me Your Ears: Great Speeches in History (Safire)Circ PN 6122.L4 1992
    Representative American SpeechesRef PS 661.R46 1997
    Twentieth-Century America: A Primary Source Collection from the Associated Press
    10 volumes.
    Ref E 740.5.T84 1995
    The World's Great Speeches (Copeland and Lamm)Circ PN 6121.C6 1973

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    CONSULS Online Catalog for Books and Media

    CONSULS catalog workstations are located in the Reference Area on the first floor, and on each of the other floors of the Haas Library. You may logon to CONSULS via the WCSU Libraries Homepage at library.wcsu.edu/web or directly at www.consuls.org. For more detailed instructions on searching, please see the yellow CONSULS flyer on the display rack on the first floor.

    Please Note: CONSULS ignores upper and lower case, and you may omit punctuation, except the hyphen which must be replaced by a space.

    TO FIND WORKS WITH A SPECIFIC TITLE:

    Select Title at the CONSULS Main Menu, then type as much of the title as you remember in correct word order. In CONSULS, you may omit "a," "an," or "the" at the beginning of a title.

    Example: Inside the Presidential Debates: Their Improbable and Promising Future (press ENTER or RETURN)
    Or just: inside the presidential deb (ENTER)

    TO FIND WORKS WRITTEN BY A SPECIFIC PERSON:

    Select Author at the CONSULS Main Menu, then type the person's name last-name-first. Correct spelling is important.

    Example: minow newton n (press ENTER)
    Or just: minow newt (ENTER)

    To limit search results to items owned by WCSU, click on Limit/Sort and then select WCSU under "Where Item Is Located."

    TO FIND WORKS WRITTEN ABOUT A SPECIFIC PERSON:

    Select Subject at the CONSULS Main Menu, then type the person's name last-name-first. Correct spelling is important. To limit results to items owned by WCSU, use Limit/Sort.

    Example: lincoln abraham (press ENTER)
    Or just: lincoln abr (ENTER)

    TO FIND INFORMATION ABOUT A SPECIFIC TOPIC BY SUBJECT HEADING:

    Select Subject at the CONSULS Main Menu, then type the Library of Congress subject heading which best describes your topic. Correct spelling and word order are important. The complete list of Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH) is published in a set of big red books available in the Reference Area on the first floor of the Haas Library.

    Type: Political oratory--Unites States--History (press ENTER)
    Or just: political oratory united states (ENTER)

    Type: Speeches, addresses, etc., American (press ENTER)
    Or just: speeches (ENTER)

    The following Library of Congress subject headings may be useful in your research on American speeches and speechmakers:

    African American orators
    Campaign speeches
    Debates and debating
    Discourse analysis, Literary
    Elocution
    Eloquence
    English language--United States--Rhetoric
    Eulogies
    Forensics (Public speaking)
    Freedom of speech--United States
    Orators--United States
    Oratory--United States
    Political oratory--United States
    Presidents--United States--Inaugural addresses
    Radio addresses, debates, etc.
    Speeches, addresses, etc., American
    Women orators--United States

    Rhetoric--United States
    Closure (Rhetoric)
    Description (Rhetoric)
    Exposition (Rhetoric)
    Narration (Rhetoric)
    Persuasion (Rhetoric)
    Repetition (Rhetoric)
    Transition (Rhetoric)

    In a SUBJECT search, look also for the standard subdivision "--Oratory" under the name of the speaker.

    Example: King, Martin Luther, Jr., 1929-1968--Oratory
    Example: Douglass, Frederick, 1818 1895--Oratory

    TO FIND INFORMATION ABOUT A SPECIFIC TOPIC BY KEYWORDS:

    Select Keyword(s) at the CONSULS Main Menu, then type the words which best describe your topic, in any order.

    PLEASE NOTE: The CONSULS search engine has changed. It is now necessary to type the Boolean AND between the terms of your search statement--if you do not include the AND between words, CONSULS will search your input as a phrase.

    Example: president* and (campaign* or election*) and (speech* or debate*) press ENTER
    Narrower: barack obama and (campaign* or election*) and (speech* or debate*) press ENTER
    Broader: united states and (campaign* or election*) and (speech* or debate*) press ENTER

    Use the * (asterisk) as a truncation symbol to retrieve variant forms of a word root. Use the Boolean OR to expand your search by including synonyms and related terms. When using two different Boolean commands in the same search statement ("and" and "or" in the preceding examples) you must include parentheses to indicate which command is to be performed first.

    TO REQUEST MATERIALS FROM THE OTHER CSU LIBRARIES:

    If the item you need is owned by one of the other CSU Libraries (CCSU, SCSU, or ECSU) but not by WCSU, or if WCSU's copy is checked out, you may order the item electronically via Inter-Campus Loan by clicking on Request at the full record display in CONSULS. Then select "WCSU" and type your WestConn network username and password. Be sure to specify a pickup location (Haas or Young Library) before initiating your request.

    There is a limit of ten (10) Inter-Campus Loan requests per person. Videos are available via Inter-Campus Loan. Please allow 3-4 working days for delivery to the Haas Circulation Desk. Items borrowed via Inter-Campus Loan may be renewed if no one else has placed a HOLD on the item.

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    Databases & Indexes for Finding Articles & Speeches

    To learn how to distinguish scholarly (peer-reviewed) journals from magazines, please see the brief YouTube tutorial Popular Magazines vs Scholarly Journals, courtesy of the library at the University of Detroit-Mercy.

    Communication & Mass Media Complete (CMMC) from EBSCO
    Coverage: Issue number one to present for some publications.
    Location: Under Databases A-Z on the WCSU Libraries Homepage.
    Scope: Over 200 journals in communication and related fields in full-text, with indexing and abstracting of an addional 570 journals.
    Academic Search Premier from EBSCO
    Coverage: 1990 - present (earlier for some publications).
    Location: Listed under Articles & Databases: Most Popular on the WCSU Libraries Homepage.
    Scope: Indexes over 8,000 newspapers, magazines, and scholarly journals in most fields, with over 4,000 available in full-text, including Vital Speeches of the Day.
    JSTOR
    Coverage: Issue number one to within 1-3 years of present.
    Location: Under Articles & Databases: Most Popular on the WCSU Libraries Homepage.
    Scope: Full-text of over 500 core scholarly journals in more than 25 disciplines (complete backfiles); most journals are embargoed by as much as 5-6 years.
    New York Times - Current (iCONN)
    Coverage: 1980 - present.
    Location: Under Databases by Subject: News on the WCSU Libraries Homepage.
    Scope: Full-text coverage of national and international news, plus important speeches and documents, Supreme Court decisions, and presidential press conference transcripts.
    New York Times - Historical (iCONN)
    Coverage: 1851 - 2007.
    Location: Under Databases by Subject: News on the WCSU Libraries Homepage.
    Scope: Retrospective full-text coverage of national and international news, plus important speeches and documents, Supreme Court decisions, and presidential press conference transcripts.
    Newspaper Source Plus from EBSCO
    Coverage: Varies with the publication.
    Location: Under Databases by Subject: News on the WCSU Libraries Homepage.
    Scope: Full-text coverage of 860 newspapers, plus over 800,000 television and radio transcripts.
    Films on Demand from Films Media Group
    Coverage: Streaming videos produced by Films for the Humanities and Sciences, Cambridge Educational, Meridian Education, and Shopware.
    Location: Under Databases A-Z on the WCSU Libraries Homepage.
    Scope: Educational documentary films in a wide range of fields; keywords searchable.

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    Locating Periodicals in the Haas Library

    To find out if WCSU subscribes to a specific periodical in print or online:

    1. Select Journal Title at the CONSULS main menu, then type the name of the periodical (example: vital speeches of the day) and press ENTER. If a title list appears on the screen, select the desired title, then look inside the box to find WCSU holdings. Be sure to scroll to the bottom of the screen to see if WCSU owns backfiles on microfilm or microfiche.

    2. To find out if a given periodical is available in full-text in one or more of WCSU's online databases, use the Journal Finder available under Articles and Databases on the WCSU Libraries Homepage (library.wcsu.edu).


    How to Use Interlibrary Loan

    If the CSU Libraries do not own the book or periodical you need, you may request delivery via Interlibrary Loan using the online ILLiad system available at: libguides.wcsu.edu/ill.

    There is a limit of 5 Interlibrary Loan requests per person per day. Videos are not available via Interlibrary Loan. Under most circumstances, Interlibrary Loan is a free service, but please allow at least ten working days for delivery. You will be notified as soon as the material arrives. Faster document delivery service is available for a reasonable fee. Please call the Interlibrary Loan Desk at (203) 837-9114 for more information.


    Do You Have a Question?

    The Reference service is available on request at the Circulation Desk on the first floor of the Haas Library, or you may contact Joan Reitz, Instruction Librarian, at 837-8308 or reitzj@wcsu.edu. My office is located in Room 402 on the fourth floor of the Haas Library (near the glass elevator). Please drop in if you need assistance!

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    Please send comments to Joan Reitz, Haas Instruction Librarian, Western Connecticut State University.
    reitzj@wcsu.edu
    Last updated on October 5, 2016